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Crop Report

Truck crop production is increasing steadily in Mississippi as consumers demand high-quality, local produce. Thomas Horgan examines tomatoes growing in test plots at Mississippi State University's North Mississippi Research and Extension Center in Verona on July 16. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Bonnie Coblentz)
July 26, 2013 - Filed Under: Fruit, Commercial Horticulture, Farmers Markets

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Greater consumer demand for locally grown produce has made truck crops a bigger part of the state’s overall agricultural production and increased related research at Mississippi State University.

Truck crops get their name from the fact that they are often sold from the back of pickup trucks. They are produce crops, including blueberries, strawberries, sweet corn, beans, tomatoes, watermelon, greens and squash.

Paxton Fitts, research associate with the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, examines rice growing in a variety trial at Mississippi State University's Delta Research and Extension Center in Stoneville, Miss., on July 16, 2013. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Linda Breazeale)
July 19, 2013 - Filed Under: Rice

STONEVILLE – Like most Mississippi row-crops struggling to overcome last spring’s challenges, rice will be at the mercy of late-season weather to produce average yields.

Tim Walker, rice specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said rains kept farmers from timely plantings. After that, cool spring temperatures slowed growth, putting much of the rice crop about three weeks behind schedule.

Once the crop was established, a new problem emerged.

“The biggest challenge has been herbicide drift from other crops,” he said.

Mississippi's 2013 corn crop is at many different growth stages because of the planting challenges farmers encountered last spring. (Photo from MSU Ag Communications archive)
July 12, 2013 - Filed Under: Corn

MISSISSIPPI STATE – If Mississippi’s corn growers thought planting season was a wild ride, they better fasten their seatbelts for harvest time.

Erick Larson, corn specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said wet fields and cooler temperatures last spring resulted in less-than-desirable corn stands, and these conditions often delayed or prevented growers from planting their intended corn acreage.

Cool temperatures delayed the start of shrimp season in Mississippi's coastal waters until June 11, but if conditions hold, the crop is predicted to be about the same as last year's in terms of prices and production costs. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
July 5, 2013 - Filed Under: Catfish, Seafood Harvesting and Processing

BILOXI – More than 250 boats launched on June 11 to open the shrimp season in Mississippi’s coastal waters.

A cold, wet spring delayed the season’s start, which opened June 1 last year.

“The things farmers hate -- drought and heat -- are great for shrimp production,” said Dave Burrage, commercial and recreational fisheries specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service. “The brown shrimp don’t grow as fast under the conditions we had this spring, but once it gets hot, they can go up a whole count size in a week.”

Although delayed by 2013 spring weather, these watermelons soon will be leaving the Chickasaw County field owned by Kayla and Curtis Martin, just in time for July picnic tables. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Scott Corey)
June 28, 2013 - Filed Under: Watermelons, Watermelon Cantaloupe and Cucumber

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Mississippians love Fourth of July watermelons, and the 2013 melon crop should be worth the wait after weather delays.

David Nagel, horticulturist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said the biggest challenge has been the slow growth rate that caused some concern that the first melons might miss the holiday celebrations. The good news is that clear, sunny days with plenty of rain along the way have combined to produce large, tasty melons.

Mississippi producers are harvesting winter wheat, such as this planted at Mississippi State University's R.R. Foil Plant Science Research Facility, later than usual because of the late, wet spring, but overall yields are better than expected. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
June 21, 2013 - Filed Under: Wheat

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Producers are bringing in Mississippi’s amber waves of grain later than usual, but sunny weather has allowed them to make strong progress on the winter wheat harvest during the last two weeks.

Wet conditions that began in February and cooler-than-normal conditions in March, April and most of May delayed the crop’s maturity.

Blueberry grower George Traicoff examines some of his DeSoto County acreage on June 12, 2013. Cooler spring temperatures delayed his crop on the Nesbit Blueberry Plantation, which will open to the public about June 25. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
June 14, 2013 - Filed Under: Fruit, Commercial Horticulture

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Late-spring cold snaps and untimely freezes have delayed harvests and reduced yields for Mississippi’s 2013 blueberry crop.

George Traicoff of Hernando runs a family owned and operated you-pick operation in DeSoto County. He started Nesbit Blueberry Plantation with 6,000 plants in 1984, and today his family tends 16,000 plants.

Cotton, such as these plants growing June 4, 2013, on Mississippi State University's R.R. Foil Plant Science Research Facility, is off to a late start in Mississippi. Since Memorial Day, Mississippi growers more than doubled the acreage they had been able to plant in the previous weeks. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
June 7, 2013 - Filed Under: Cotton

MISSISSIPPI STATE – A week of mostly ideal weather allowed Mississippi producers to more than double the acreage planted in cotton, but they remain behind schedule with this year’s crop.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture estimated the cotton crop went from 36 to 77 percent planted in the week ending June 2, and many days were favorable since then. The state typically has 93 percent of its cotton acreage planted by this time, but the situation is not quite as bleak as it had been.

A week of mostly good planting weather helped growers make progress planting the state's soybean crop. By May 26, about 32 percent had emerged. In a typical year, nearly 80 percent of the crop would be out of the ground. (File Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Marco Nicovich)
May 31, 2013 - Filed Under: Soybeans

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Many Mississippi farmers celebrated Memorial Day in their tractor seats as they took full advantage of about a week of good weather to make significant strides in planting.

A nearly unbroken string of rains kept farmers mostly out of the fields through the early-spring planting window. The U.S. Department of Agriculture’s May 26 Crop Progress and Condition Report shows their efforts to catch up.

May 24, 2013 - Filed Under: Timber Harvest

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Evidence of a healthy national economy may be found in the strength of the timber industry.

Forestry is a billion-dollar industry in Mississippi and the state’s second-largest agricultural commodity. A depressed national economy in recent years had negative impacts on housing construction and furniture manufacturing, which hurt the forestry sector, but industry experts are seeing signs that a recovery is at hand.

Frequent rains put most Mississippi row crop planting well behind schedule. These young soybean plants at Mississippi State University's R.R. Foil Plant Science Research Facility on May 17, 2013, are among the few in the ground by mid-May. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
May 17, 2013 - Filed Under: Crops

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Poor weather has created so many rain delays that most of the nation’s row crop planting is behind schedule, and Mississippi is even farther behind than other states.

“We’re a month behind,” said Ernie Flint, an area agronomist who has been with the Mississippi State University Extension Service for 22 years. “I’ve never seen anything that compares with this spring. I’ve seen the Delta planted late but never the whole state.”

Before he came to MSU in 1991, Flint spent 18 years as a crop consultant, so he spoke from a long perspective in agriculture.

These 2012 catfish fry at the Mississippi State University College of Veterinary Medicine are similar to young fish that have been delayed by this spring's cool temperatures, which have slowed growth of Mississippi's farm-raised catfish and delayed the start of hatchery season. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
May 10, 2013 - Filed Under: Catfish

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Mississippi’s catfish farmers continue to address production challenges as the industry works to reclaim markets lost to imported fish.

Jeremy Robbins, vice president of The Catfish Institute based in Jackson, said farmers have struggled in recent years with high feed prices, their No. 1 expense, while dealing with increased competition from imports.

More than 85 percent of Mississippi's hay and forage growers are livestock producers trying to supply their herds' needs. Persistent rains are delaying the cool-season forage harvest and reducing yields. (Photo courtesy of Rocky Lemus)
May 3, 2013 - Filed Under: Forages

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- As pastures transition from cool-season to warm-season grasses, the state’s hay and forage producers hope for sunny days that are better suited to growing and harvesting quality crops.

Recycle wooden kitchen utensils into plant tags using paint, markers and clear polyurethane. (Photo by MSU Extension Service/Gary Bachman)
April 26, 2013 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Crops

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Farmers should be nearly finished planting corn and going strong with soybeans, rice and cotton, but instead Mississippi fields are quiet as rain keeps tractors in the barn.

As of late April, the state had gone more than five weeks with only an occasional day or two suitable for planting.

Mississippi corn is in the best shape, at least in terms of the number of planted acres. According to the April 22 U.S. Department of Agriculture Crop Progress and Condition Report, corn is 73 percent planted. Historically, it should be 91 percent complete.

This 5-week-old broiler is approaching market weight in a commercial research house at the H.H. Leveck Animal Research Center, commonly called South Farm, at Mississippi State University on March 20, 2013. Mississippi has grown more than 205 million birds in the first 14 weeks of the year. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
April 19, 2013 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Poultry

MISSISSIPPI STATE – The impact of last year’s drought on feed costs is not the only challenge poultry growers face in 2013.

Production costs, expansion issues, waste regulations, competition from other meat sources and the next grain crop are major factors impacting the poultry industry this year.

“Some of the corn produced last year had to go to ethanol, so supplies are even tighter and have driven up feed costs,” said Tom Tabler, poultry specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service.

Jody Reyer began harvesting his first crop of strawberries April 9, 2013. Like much of the state's strawberry crop, Reyer's Leake County operation has struggled with cool and wet spring weather. (Photo courtesy of Brittany Reyer)
April 12, 2013 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Crops, Fruit

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Mississippi’s strawberry producers may be few in number, but they deliver one of the state’s sweetest and most popular crops.

Growing strawberries in the South is especially challenging because of its variable weather, like that seen this spring.

Wayne Porter, Mississippi State University Extension horticulture specialist in Lauderdale County, said the strawberries struggled because of excessive rain.

These 2012 peanuts from Mississippi's record crop are a distant memory as lower prices are prompting growers to reduce acres 58 percent from 52,000 last year to about 22,000 acres in 2013. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
April 5, 2013 - Filed Under: Peanuts

MISSISSIPPI STATE – A significant decline in price potential has last year’s peanut growers looking to other crops in 2013.

According to the recent U.S. Department of Agriculture Prospective Plantings report, acreage is declining in every peanut-producing state except Oklahoma. Mississippi is expected to post the greatest percentage decline, down 58 percent from the previous year. The state’s peanut acreage is predicted to drop from 52,000 last year to 22,000 acres this season.

Mississippi farmers plan to plant more corn, less cotton and about the same soybean acreage as last year. From left, soybean, cotton and corn seeds have germinated in the lab. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kat Lawrence)
March 28, 2013 - Filed Under: Agricultural Economics, Cotton, Corn, Soybeans

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Corn is the anticipated biggest winner and cotton the biggest loser as Mississippi producers shuffle commodity acres to take advantage of market conditions.

Wheat acreage is up in Mississippi, but a wet winter stunted growth in the state's crop. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Marco Nicovich)
March 22, 2013 - Filed Under: Wheat

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Cool temperatures through March kept some Mississippians comfortable, but they slowed the development of wheat, the state’s only row crop grown through winter.

Erick Larson, corn and wheat state specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said wheat acreage is high this year, with 420,000 acres planted in the fall. State growers planted 500,000 acres in 2007, but this year marks the second highest planting since 1990.

November 2, 2012 - Filed Under: Agriculture, Christmas Trees

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Christmas tree growers were thinking about the holidays when Hurricane Isaac made landfall Aug. 28, knowing the winds and rains would bring additional work before trees would be ready for the 2012 harvest.

Stephen Dicke, Extension forestry professor at Mississippi State University’s Central Mississippi Research and Extension Center in Raymond, said storm damage should not dampen sales of Mississippi’s Christmas trees.

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