Discouraging Deer in the Garden

Discouraging Deer in the Garden

The populations of white-tailed deer have risen dramatically in the eastern United States in recent years. In addition to abundant deer, many have expanded their range and seem well suited to living in rural and even urban residential areas. Deer are opportunists, and will feed upon over 700 species of plants. Unfortunately, many of these preferred plants are food crops or ornamental plants that are often grown in gardens. Deer will feed heaviest in late spring, summer, and fall; adult deer will consume an average of 6 to 10 pounds of food per day.

There are a number of methods available to discourage deer from an area, each with varying levels of effectiveness. By far the use of fencing is the most effective long-term solution to preventing deer damage. Although deer can jump fences exceeding ten feet in height, most of the time they prefer not to, and a height of eight feet is usually sufficient. It is suggested that the fences to be electrified, to be kept clear of vegetation at least six feet from the fence, and to have the bottom strand no more than six inches from the ground.


A number of repellants are commercially available that are advertised to repel deer. Repellants work by either having a bad taste or odor to the deer. Although most work in the short term, they often must be applied to the target plants on a regular basis. There are many types of repellants including human hair, mothballs, bloodmeal, soap, and commercial chemicals. These should be rotated in usage regularly and applied every 3-4 weeks. The cost effectiveness of this measure is best when the area of application is small and easily accessible.


While effective, the use of dogs to deter deer has limited applications. Most residential areas have leash laws for dogs and prohibit them from running at large. Even with the use of electric invisible fences to contain dogs, not all dogs will respect an electric fence when pursuing a deer or other wildlife.

Selecting Plants that Deer Dislike

Another method to reduce deer damage in prone areas is to choose plants that deer do not like. Studies have shown that there are plants that are preferred by deer and some that are generally disliked. Hungry deer will eat almost anything and prefer young tender plants to older tougher shoots. Preferred deer plants include fruit trees such as apples, pears, and plums; cedars and arborvitae, viburnum, birch, dogwood, daylilies, hostas, hydrangea, and yews. Many popular ornamental annual and perennial plants (because they are usually tender and succulent) are very susceptible to deer browsing.

Plants that have been observed to be rarely damaged in the landscape by deer browse, include: (Source: Cornell University)


American holly
European beech
Honey locust
Austrian pine


Ornamental chives and onions
Butterfly weed
Painted and Shasta daisy
Sweet William
Purple coneflower
Joe-pye weed
Bee balm


Russian olive
Japanese pieris
Chinese junipers
Butterfly bush
Thorny plants (such as barberry and buckthorn)


Blanket flower
Morning glory
Four o' clock
Blue salvia
Dusty miller

Print Friendly, PDF & Email


Publication Number: IS0642


A man holds out a fur skin for a woman to touch.
Filed Under: County Extension Offices, Plants and Wildlife May 10, 2024

An underserved community spent a day enjoying the outdoors at the Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge in early May as Mississippi State University Extension Service personnel hosted 20 adult residents of care homes. 
Jim McAdory, MSU Extension agent in Winston County, coordinated the May 1 event with help from several other Extension agents and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service staff. The goal was to allow this population to experience the outdoors, complete with a hot dog lunch at the end of the event. 

Filed Under: Insects, Insect Identification, Lawn and Garden, Plants and Wildlife, Smart Landscapes, Places for Wildlife, Natural Resources September 13, 2023

PICAYUNE, Miss. -- School groups, nature enthusiasts and the public can enjoy two fun-filled days of exciting, hands-on learning about the environment, ecosystems, wildlife and insects at the Mississippi State University Crosby Arboretum in Picayune. BugFest offers insect-related displays, interactive exhibits, games and crafts. Biologists, naturalists, entomologists and other experts from Mississippi, Louisiana and Alabama will host booths and give presentations on butterflies, bats, caterpillars, beetles, crayfish, ladybugs, hissing cockroaches, dancing praying mantises, native and exotic arthropods and more.

A row of white or black animal skulls.
Filed Under: Wildlife Youth Education, Plants and Wildlife April 13, 2022

Two conservation camps this summer offer students in grades six through 12 the opportunity to gain hands-on experience in wildlife science, outdoor recreation and conservation careers. Conservation Camp 2022 has a residential edition June 5-8 for rising eighth through 12th graders. The day camp edition is June 13-15 for rising sixth through eighth graders.

Success Stories

The grant was awarded to Dr. Eric Sparks, director of the MSU Coastal and Marine Extension Program, and a team from the MSU Extension Service, the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, The Nature Conservancy, Harte Research Institute, Mississippi-Alabama Sea Grant, and the PEW Charitable Trusts.
Volume 9 Number 2

Mississippi State University and partners have been awarded a grant of nearly $6.6 million from the National Fish and Wildlife Federation for shoreline restoration work on the Gulf Coast.

Select Your County Office