You are here

What varieties of muscadines should be grown?

Muscadine varieties can be divided into several categories:

Bronze or purple fruit - the fruit produced will either be bronze colored or purple.

Fresh market or Juice varieties - Fresh market varieties have large fruit and are good for fresh consumption. Although the fruit is larger, the vine usually produces less fruit than the juice varieties. However, the pounds per vine may be similar. Juice varieties produce large amounts of smaller fruit that is ideal for the production of juice, jelly, jam or wine. The fruit quality is often just as good as the fresh market varieties, but the fruit size is smaller.

Self fertile or female flowers - a muscadine variety will produce either female or imperfect flowers (only female flower parts) or self fertile, perfect flowers (male and female flower parts). Vines with imperfect flowers must have a vine with perfect flowers nearby in order for pollination to occur. An imperfect flowered vine will not have fruit if a pollen source is not located nearby. One perfect flowered vine can pollinate eight surrounding imperfect flowered vines. In a single row planting, every third vine should be a pollinator.

The following are some recommended muscadine varieties:

Alachua - Purple, medium size, excellent muscadine flavor, self fertile, dry stem scar, fresh fruit quality. Leesburg, Fl 1990.

Black Beauty - Purple, crunchy skin, large size, excellent flavor, female, good yields, extends harvest, excellent vigor, fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1988.

Black Fry - Purple, large, female, good vigor, medium tough skin, excellent flavor, fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1986.

Carlos - Bronze, tough skin, medium size, good flavor, self fertile, high yields, excellent juice quality. Raliegh, N.C. 1970.

Cowart - Medium size, tough skin, purple, good flavor, self fertile, uneven ripening, long season, good juice quality. Experiment, Ga. 1968.

Darlene - Bronze, large fruit, medium tough skin, good flavor, low vigor, female, excellent fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1988.

Dixieland - Bronze, medium large, excellent flavor, medium tough skin, self fertile, unpredictable yields, good fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1976.

Doreen - Bronze, tough skin, medium size, good flavor, self fertile, high yields, excellent juice quality. Mississippi State University, 1981.

Fry - Bronze, medium large size, good flavor, crunchy skin, female, susceptible to disease must spray for disease control, cold sensitive, low vigor, excellent fresh fruit quality. Experiment, Ga. 1970

Fry Seedless - Bronze, good flavor, skin moderately tough, light purple coloration, must be sprayed with gibberellic acid to achieve a marketable size. Ison, 1990.

Granny Val - Bronze, medium tough skin, large size, late maturing, good flavor, self fertile, uniform ripening, sensitive to cold weather, good fresh fruit quality. Brooks, Ga. 1983.

Higgins - Bronze, medium size, tough skin, good flavor, female, good juice quality, Experiment, Ga. 1955.

Hunt - Purple, medium size, good flavor, medium tough skin, female, good juice quality. Experiment, Ga. 1920.

Ison - Purple, medium large size, excellent muscadine flavor, medium tough skin, self fertile, uniform ripening, good pollinator, good yields, good fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1986.

Janebell - Bronze, medium large fruit size, tough skin good sweet flavor, uneven ripening, self fertile, good fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1988.

Jumbo - Purple, large size, good flavor, tough skin, female, good fresh fruit quality, tough skin a drawback. Experiment, Ga. 1970.

Magnolia - Bronze, tough skin, medium size, good flavor, self fertile, excellent juice quality, Raleigh, N.C. 1962.

Noble - Purple, small to medium size fruit, good flavor, tough skin, self fertile, excellent juice quality. Clayton, N.C. 1973.

Scuppernong - Bronze, tough skin, medium size, good flavor, female, good juice quality, popular because of name recognition. Wild seedling.

Sterling - Bronze, tough skin, medium large size, self fertile, excellent juice quality. Clayton, N.C. 1981.

Sugargate - Medium large size, purple, inconsistent yield, good flavor, medium tough skin, female, good fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1974.

Summit - Bronze, medium large fruit, excellent flavor, high sugar content, medium tough skin, female, very susceptible to black rot and bee problems, good fresh fruit potential. Experiment, Ga. 1977.

Supreme - Purple, large fruit. good flavor, medium tough skin, heavy yield, female, excellentfresh fruit quality. Ison, 1988.

Sweet Jenny - Bronze, large size, excellent flavor, crunchy skin, female, excellent fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1986.

Triumph - Bronze, medium tough skin, medium large size, good muscadine flavor, self fertile, nonslip skin, dry scar, excellent fresh fruit quality. Griffin, Ga. 1980.

Watergate - Bronze, large size, good flavor, medium tough skin, uneven ripening, female, excellent fresh fruit quality. Ison, 1974.

Printer Friendly and PDF

Publications

Publication Number: P3055
Publication Number: IS1608
Publication Number: P0376
Publication Number: IS1445

News

Filed Under: Commercial Horticulture, Commercial Fruit and Nuts, Fruit, Nuts March 23, 2017

CRYSTAL SPRINGS, Miss. -- Producers interested in season extension for specialty crops and commercial strawberry production can learn about these topics during an upcoming field day.

The Season Extension and Commercial Strawberry Production Field Day will be April 4 at the Mississippi State University Truck Crops Branch Experiment Station, located at 2024 Experiment Station Road in Crystal Springs. It begins at 9 a.m. and ends at 4 p.m.

Filed Under: Crops, Commercial Horticulture, Commercial Fruit and Nuts, Beef, Beekeeping, Forestry, Seafood Economics March 3, 2017

BILOXI, Miss. -- Mississippi State University researchers and Extension Service agents heard suggestions from Coastal area agricultural producers and industry leaders about the research and education they need from the university in 2017.

The MSU Coastal Research and Extension Center Producer Advisory Council meeting was held on Feb. 28 in Biloxi. The annual meeting helps the university allocate time and resources to the most important issues facing Mississippi's agricultural producers and related industries.

Bill Evans, a Mississippi State University researcher with the Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station, discussed research and education priorities with representatives of the fruit and nut commodity group on Feb. 22, 2017. MSU Extension Service specialists and agents also took part in the annual MSU Central Mississippi Producer Advisory Council meeting in Raymond, Mississippi. (Photo by MSU Extension Service/Susan Collins-Smith)
Filed Under: Commercial Horticulture, Commercial Fruit and Nuts, Forages, Beef, Beekeeping, Dairy, Equine, Forestry, Wildlife February 24, 2017

RAYMOND, Miss. -- Agricultural producers and industry professionals in central Mississippi met with agents and research scientists of the Mississippi State University Extension Service and Mississippi Agricultural and Forestry Experiment Station Feb. 22 to share input and give feedback.

The Central Mississippi Producer Advisory Council meeting was held in conjunction with Hinds Community College and the Alcorn State University Extension.

Filed Under: Commercial Fruit and Nuts, Organic Fruit and Vegetables, Fruit February 14, 2017

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Mississippi fruit growers need look no further than their smartphones or laptops when searching for a second opinion on chill hour accumulation.

The Mississippi State University Extension Service has launched Chill Hours, an app that helps growers assess growing conditions that affect plant physiology and prepare for the upcoming growing season.

Filed Under: Commercial Fruit and Nuts, Corn, Cotton, Grains, Soybeans, Sweet Potatoes December 15, 2016

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Good seasons for cotton and corn should increase Mississippi's agronomic crops production value by 12.5 percent increase in 2016.

Brian Williams, agricultural economist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said most crops had a good year despite the extended drought.

"Fortunately, the drought came late in the season when most crops were past the critical stages," Williams said. "Total production was up, and the value on crops was also up, thanks to cotton and corn."

Listen

Contact Your County Office

Your Extension Experts

Assoc Extension/Research Prof
Fruit Crops