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Extension Outdoors

Beaver activity, such as this dam, can significantly alter the surrounding habitat, for the worse or for the better. (Photo from iStock)
August 29, 2014 - Filed Under: Nuisance Wildlife and Damage Management

By James E. “Jim” Miller
Professor Emeritus, Department of Wildlife Fisheries and Aquaculture
MSU Extension Service

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- The American beaver, the largest native rodent in North America, is an ecosystem engineer, building dams and creating ponds that contribute to plant and animal biodiversity. However, beavers can cause serious property damage and frustrate landowners and managers.

Multiple types of forage can benefit cool-season food plots, but ryegrass can take over, such as in this food plot originally planted with red clover. (Photo courtesy of Bronson Strickland)
August 22, 2014 - Filed Under: Forages, Environment, Wildlife

As fall approaches, many hunters and landowners begin to turn their attention toward planting cool-season wildlife food plots. If you’re like me, it’s something you enjoy doing, and it’s a good excuse to get outside and play in the dirt.

But while you’re out there having fun, you might as well get the most for your time and money. Here are some often overlooked, but important, tips and suggestions for making the most of your cool-season food plots this fall and winter.

Pintails are among the first ducks to migrate south in the fall, just in time for the start of Mississippi's waterfowl hunting season. (Photo by iStock)
August 15, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Wildlife, Waterfowl

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Every July, waterfowl biologists from the Mississippi Flyway Council, comprised of 14 states and 3 Canadian provinces, look at many factors to predict the total number of ducks available for harvest in the fall flight forecast. Then they use this number to determine the framework of seasons, dates and bag limits for the fall hunting season.

This year we are expected to have an annual fall flight of 49.2 million birds, which is an 8 percent growth in population from last year and 43 percent higher than the long-term average for North American waterfowl.

August 8, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Fisheries

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Largemouth bass are one of the most popular sport fish in Mississippi, and many anglers chase these beasts on the Magnolia State’s medium to large reservoirs every day.

With a little help from the pond owner, though, smaller bodies of water -- one acre and larger -- can also produce trophy bass consistently.

The Eastern wild turkey, such as this adult male, is found in Mississippi's coastal longleaf pine country, mixed pines and hardwoods and bottomland hardwoods. (Photo by iStock)
August 1, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Wildlife

By James E. “Jim” Miller
Professor Emeritus, Department of Wildlife Fisheries and Aquaculture
MSU Extension Service

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- That first raucous, exhilarating gobble of the spring season heralds the thrill of the chase for millions of North American turkey hunters, including me.

Historians estimate between 7 and 10 million wild turkeys roamed the continent prior to European settlement. However, by the 1930s, only 30,000 birds remained, most in isolated populations in a few states.

American dog ticks, such as this adult female, are one of 19 species of the disease-carrying parasite found in Mississippi. (Photo courtesy of Marina Denny)
July 25, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Insects-Human Pests, Insects-Pet Pests

Mississippi summers evoke thoughts of family vacations, rainy days and outdoor explorations. But with the heat and humidity come tiny critters that, if not discovered quickly, can ruin a fun day.

Nineteen species of ticks exist in Mississippi, but only a few are known to bite humans.

The tubular shape and red color of coral honeysuckle flowers make them a favorite nectar source for hummingbirds in Mississippi. (Photo courtesy of Kathy Jacobs)
July 18, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Urban and Backyard Wildlife

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Small in size but large in visual appeal, hummingbirds are one of the most popular birds around for watching and feeding.

Hummingbirds get their name because of the humming sound created by their wings, which beat at high frequencies audible to humans. They hover in mid-air with rapid wing beats, typically around 50 times per second. Their wing beats can be as high as 200 times per second, allowing them to fly at speeds exceeding 30 mph, even backwards or upside down.

Pond plants are an important part of the food chain and oxygen cycle in ponds and lakes, such as these at Bluff Lake at the Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge on June 16, 2014. (Photo by MSU Ag Communications/Kevin Hudson)
July 11, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Fisheries

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- A common question in all county Extension offices this time of the year is, “Will the weeds in my pond hurt my fish?” As the water in ponds warms up, the vegetation starts growing.

Is vegetation growing in a pond a problem for the fish? Not necessarily.

Closeup -- The invasive fire ant, known for its reddish color and nasty sting, is a common enemy of most homeowners and gardeners in Mississippi. (Photo courtesy of Marina Denny)
July 3, 2014 - Filed Under: Fire Ants

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Fire ants are more than aptly named, given the reddish-orange color of their bodies and the painful, burning sting they can give.

Fire ants were unintentionally introduced to the United States from South America. The first documented release of fire ants occurred near Mobile, Alabama around 1918, and by the late 1930s, most of Mississippi had them.

Fire ants are very small and aggressive. When disturbed, they swarm, bite and sting, producing a painful or itchy pustule within hours.

Prescribed burning is a useful and very valuable management option on public and private lands. (Photo by MSU Extension Service)
June 27, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Forestry, Wildlife

MISSISSIPPI STATE – A well-managed prescribed burn is an important tool in a landowner’s kit.

Yet news stories about wildfires often discourage landowners from using prescribed burning as a management tool. Prescribed burning is a useful and very valuable management option on public and private lands. Prescribed burning can benefit a variety of wildlife species and are necessary in fire tolerant ecosystems, such as longleaf pine forests and coastal savannas.

White-tailed deer, such as this buck grazing in a Bolivar County, Miss. field, play an important role in the larger ecological landscape and are part of the public trust. (File photo by MSU Extension Service/Bill Hamrick)
June 20, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Wildlife, White-Tailed Deer

By James E. “Jim” Miller
Professor Emeritus, Department of Wildlife Fisheries and Aquaculture
MSU Extension Service

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Wildife is too important to be owned by an individual.

Photos taken using game cameras provide valuable information on deer population statistics, feeding patterns and more. (Photo courtesy of MSU Department of Wildlife, Fisheries & Aquaculture.)
June 13, 2014 - Filed Under: Wildlife, White-Tailed Deer

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- A camera that began as a cool gadget for photographing bucks and monitoring food plots or game trails has become an important survey instrument for managing deer populations.

White-tailed deer management involves more than managing habitats and planting supplemental food plots. Proper deer management requires managing populations as well. Deer managers can use game cameras to estimate deer population characteristics and develop good harvest management strategies. This will help maintain a healthy and productive deer herd.

Kevin Nelms, a wildlife biologist with the Natural Resources Conservation Service, talks about land management practices for quail at a Mississippi State University Extension Service landowner workshop in Benton, Miss., hosted by Field Quest Farms. (File Photo)
June 6, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Natural Resources, Wildlife

By Daryl Jones
Natural Resource Enterprises
MSU Extension Service

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Outdoor recreation in Mississippi provides income not only for those who own the land, but also for the state as a whole.

That’s because economic impact is not limited to the first person who receives money for goods or services. Every dollar spent has direct effects, but it also has indirect and induced effects.

Most snakes in Mississippi, such as this ringneck snake, are nonvenomous and help control rodent and other nuisance wildlife populations. (Photo by iStockphoto)
May 30, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Nuisance Wildlife and Damage Management, Urban and Backyard Wildlife, Snakes

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Despite most people’s fears, snakes are an important part of our natural world and are also helpful to us in many ways.

All snakes are predators, meaning they feed on other animals. Snakes kill and eat rats, mice, moles, insects and other pests that can damage crops and property or spread disease. Because snakes can get into places that other predators cannot or will not go, they can capture rodents that threaten livestock feed or farming equipment and supplies.

Flowering trees and shrubs, such as this weeping yaupon holly, provide nectar for bees, berries for birds, and shelter and nesting sites for a variety of other animals. (Photo courtesy of Marina Denny)
May 23, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Urban and Backyard Wildlife

MISSISSIPPI STATE – Twice a year, I get the urge to do something “wild” in my backyard. Now, granted, this is something I could do year-round in my neck of the woods, but the sounds of the birds and the bees twittering and buzzing away -- usually in the spring and fall -- really get me excited.

My foray into the wild side begins with identifying what my backyard already has to offer in the way of food, water, shelter and a place to raise young. My venture: to fill in the gaps.

From left, Beth Poganski and Joby Czarnecki are research associates with the Mississippi State University Extension Service and specialize in natural resources conservation. (Submitted photo)
May 16, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Natural Resources, Water

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Gardening season is in full swing, and rain barrels are displayed for sale in local gardening stores. Rain barrels are systems that collect rainwater that would otherwise be lost into city sewers. The rainwater can be used to keep tomatoes, herbs and other treasured garden plants flourishing.

The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that 40 percent of total household water use during the summer is for lawn and garden watering. Rain barrels are easy ways to both conserve water and cut your water bill.

Birding is a fun and easy activity that requires comfortable clothing, a pair of binoculars and a good reference guide, shown here by participants in a Mississippi State University Extension Service workshop in 2011. (File photo by MSU Ag Communications/Scott Corey)
May 9, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Urban and Backyard Wildlife

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Spring is the time to get outside and enjoy soft, warm breezes and glorious sunshine before summer’s heat forces us to seek shelter indoors. One way to connect with nature and awaken your winter-weary soul is getting to know your feathered neighbors.

Moles spend 90 percent of their lives underground. They are known for their hairless snouts and large, paddle-like claws. (Photo by iStockphoto)
May 2, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Nuisance Wildlife and Damage Management, Urban and Backyard Wildlife

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- You hardly ever see them, but their small, cylindrical bodies can wreak havoc on your lawn. Each year, Mississippi homeowners spend countless hours and hundreds or thousands of dollars attempting to rid their yards of these solitary insectivores.

The inviting, safe environment of residential lawns and gardens may create an annual mole problem. Understanding mole behavior, trapping early and vigilantly, and modifying landscapes to discourage digging will mean less time dealing with moles and more time enjoying your backyard.

Prevention is the best way to control pond weeds, such as this American pondweed growing in Clay County in 2008, but physical, mechanical, biological and chemical control measures can be used once weeds become established. (File photo courtesy of Wes Neal)
April 25, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Fisheries

The birds are singing, the flowers are blooming, and yes, the weeds are starting to grow in your fishing pond. Don’t let them get out of hand! Start your weed management program early, before the problem becomes too difficult to treat.

Prevention is the best way to avoid weed problems. Shallow areas where light reaches the pond bottom are ideal for the growth of rooted aquatic weeds. Deepening pond edges so that the water depth quickly reaches 3 feet helps reduce weeds. For safety, make the slope 3:1, or one foot deeper for every three feet farther from shore.

Water control structures, such as low-grade weirs, help reduce pollutants in agricultural runoff and improve water quality. These weirs were in an agricultural drainage ditch in Humphreys County on May 7, 2013 (Photo courtesy of Beth Poganski)
April 17, 2014 - Filed Under: Environment, Natural Resources, Water, Water Quality

By Beth Poganski
MSU Extension Service

MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Mississippi might not have been ranked the healthiest or the wealthiest state in 2013, but if there were a ranking for water resources, Mississippi would be near the top of the list.

Several factors place Mississippi in the very fortunate situation of having what much of the world does not: water.


Extension Outdoors Archive