Are swine operations required to obtain a permit?
Yes, swine operations that exceed 10 sows or 50 pigs are required to obtain a water quality permit to operate.
There are two types of water quality permits issued in Mississippi: State Operating Permit and Non-Point Pollution Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Permit.
The State Operating Permit is issued for swine operations that have less than 1000 animal units at any one time. An example of this would include operations less than approximately 300 sow farrow to finish operation. Animal units are based upon a formula which considers the size and numbers of the pigs produced (Multiply .4 times the number of animals 55 pounds in weight or over).
NPDES Permits are required for larger operations (exceeding 1000 animal units) per site. Contract Swine operations and farrow to finish operations larger than approximately 300 sows will fit into this type of permit requirement. Regulations for these permits require additional restrictions than the State Operating Permits.
STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Low feed costs and steady demand are keeping the playing field level for Mississippi swine producers, but the bottom line at year’s end will be down from 2014 totals.
Mississippi’s value of production for hogs was $153 million last year. No estimates are available for 2015, but hog prices have been much lower than they were in 2014, while hog numbers were higher at the first of the year.
STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Specialty markets in pork production are cropping up across the U.S. in response to a growing interest in pasture-raised pigs.
Before the 1960s, most U.S. pork was raised in outside lots or on pasture systems. Commercial pork production today generally relies on large warehouse-like buildings or barns that house sows and pigs in stalls or pens.
MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Despite low prices for many commodities, the overall projected totals for Mississippi’s crop values should top $7 billion for the third straight year and essentially match the record set in 2013.
John Michael Riley, agricultural economist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said his preliminary estimate of 2014’s agricultural production values, excluding government payments, is over $7.7 billion.
MISSISSIPPI STATE -- Cattle and hog prices are soaring to record highs, causing producers to debate whether to sell their valuable animals or expand their herd sizes for the future.
“It’s hard not to sell when prices are this good and the pull of the feedlot is so strong,” said John Michael Riley, an agricultural economist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service.
As producers continue to reduce herd sizes nationally, prices should remain strong, but the result will be fewer animals available to sell in the future.
MISSISSIPPI STATE – A partnership with Prestage Farms Inc. is allowing Mississippi State University to improve its swine research facility as university scientists prepare to resume swine-related studies.
John Blanton, head of the Department of Animal and Dairy Sciences at MSU, said there is a need in the Southeast for science-based information on swine production.
“We are addressing that need of our stakeholders through our swine research program,” Blanton said.