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Create brush piles for wildlife habitat
As winter approaches, it is a good time to begin preparing backyards to serve as wildlife-friendly reprieves from the cold weather.
Essential elements for any wildlife-friendly backyard are cover, food and water. In the winter, cover shields wildlife from wind, rain or extreme cold, which helps reduce the amount of energy an animal uses to regulate its body temperature. Cover also provides protection from aerial and ground predators that are abundant in most backyards. Properly placed cover can provide food through seeds, berries, insects and other prey.
Fall is a great time to focus on providing immediate and effective cover for wildlife with projects like making brush piles because there is so much available material. Brush piles are very simple structures that any homeowner can build. The first step is to identify an area with low human activity to locate the brush pile. Second, begin construction by crisscrossing several larger limbs to create the main structure, or the bones of the brush pile.
The size of the pile will vary depending on the dimensions of the area and yard debris available, but bigger is usually better. The last step is adding smaller sticks and leaf litter to partially fill in the gaps to help insulate the inside of the structure. Ground beneath a brush pile remains moist, attracting key food sources like insects and other invertebrates.
Remember that the pile is a living organism in itself and will naturally break down over time in the environment. Maintaining pile integrity will require additional organic debris, such as a live, decoration-free Christmas tree. Once complete, the brush pile will attract birds and mammals, providing you and your family viewing pleasure through the cold winter days.
Don’t forget, both the construction and maintenance of your brush pile are great opportunities to introduce children to nature in their own yard. After all, a brush pile is essentially a wildlife fort, and who better than a young child to help build a fort?
For more information on developing a wildlife friendly yard, download Mississippi State University Extension Publication 2402, “Establishing a Backyard Wildlife Habitat,” located at http://bit.ly/2CXGKOH.
Editor’s Note: Extension Outdoors is a column authored by several different experts in the Mississippi State University Extension Service.