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When should I consider replanting cotton?

Replanting is often a difficult decision.In fields with questionable stands, there are several things to consider before making a replant decision. 1) What is the calendar date? 2) What is the population of plants that will survive? 3) What is the health of those plants, especially their roots? 4) Are there large skips and frequent skips? 5) What is the productive capability of the soil, and is the field irrigated?

If plant distribution is fairly uniform in fields on productive soils, good yields can be made with low plant populations in the low 20,000 range, or as low as one per row-foot with no or few skips. If the stand is broken with numerous skips, replanting is in order at populations below 30,000 plants per acre, depending on the size and frequency of skips. Calendar date is significant. A stand you would plow up on May 1 would probably be kept on May 25.

If replanting is necessary, continue to use fungicides as appropriate. If the field has had heavy and/or frequent rains, or was flooded, additional preemergence herbicides will be needed. That decision needs to be made on a field-by-field basis. If replanting is done on the stale row, use a burn-down herbicide to kill the old stand and weeds which may have emerged on the row. This treatment could be mixed with the preemergence materials.

Here is a rule of thumb that seems to work better each year: "If you have enough cotton left to make the decision difficult, you probably have enough to keep."

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News

Rows of peanut plants.
Filed Under: Agriculture, Agricultural Economics, Corn, Cotton, Peanuts, Rice, Soybeans, Wheat, Forages July 6, 2020

Cotton and corn acreage in Mississippi are more than 30% below March projections, while growers of soybeans and peanuts planted much more than initially forecasted.

Leaves of young cotton plants.
Filed Under: Agriculture, Corn, Cotton, Rice, Soybeans May 29, 2020

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Row crop growers in Mississippi used a relatively dry May to make up for planting time lost earlier in the spring due to wet weather and soggy fields.

As of May 24, planting progress for the state’s four major row crops was slightly behind their five-year averages but ahead of where it was at that time in 2019.

Filed Under: About Extension, Cotton April 14, 2020

The Mississippi State University Extension Service has a new cotton specialist.

Brian Pieralisi was appointed to that role on April 1. He replaced Darrin Dodds, who took the helm of the university’s Department of Plant and Soil Sciences.

Graphic showing 2020 planting intentions
Filed Under: Agriculture, Corn, Cotton, Peanuts, Rice, Soybeans, Forages, Coronavirus March 31, 2020

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Weather always plays a role in the spring planting decisions of Mississippi row-crop producers, but the market impact of the ongoing COVID-19 pandemic is another variable they will have to consider in 2020.

A tall, green weed in the foreground with a cloudy sky and cotton field in the background.
Filed Under: Crops, Cotton March 2, 2020

STONEVILLE, Miss. -- Pathologists with Mississippi State University will be monitoring a relatively new plant disease in state cotton fields once the growing season is in full swing.

Cotton leafroll dwarf virus, or CLRDV, was first reported in Alabama in 2017. It is closely related to a cotton virus known to occur in South America. Historically, that virus has caused up to 80 percent yield losses in Brazilian cotton fields.

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