Elemental K is not found in nature because of its chemical reactivity. Potash deposits occur as beds of solid salts beneath the earth's surface and brines in dying lakes and seas.
Potassium is mined from a number of minerals. Sylvinite, sylvite and langbeinite are the most important.
- Sylvinite is composed primarily of potassium chloride (KCl) and sodium chloride (NaCl)-containing 20 to 30 percent K20.
- Sylvite is composed mainly of KCI, containing about 63 percent K20-
Langbeinite is composed largely of potassium sulphate (K2SO4) and magnesium sulphate (MgSO4)- containing about 23 percent K2O. (Brines containing K are about two-thirds water and contain about three percent K20)
Potassium chloride- Potassium Chloride, or muriate of potash, accounts for more than 90 percent of the K sold in the U.S. and Canada. It is water soluble and contains 60 to 62 percent K20- Most North American KCI is produced from sylvinite, but some comes from brines. The raw, impure ore is refined to fertilizer by crystallization or flotation processes. Most agricultural KCI is produced by the flotation process.
Fertilizer grade KCI is available in five particle sizes: (1) white soluble, (2) special standard, (3) standard, (4) coarse and (5) granular. Granular is very suited to bulk blending. The white soluble grade is ideal for clear liquids.
Potassium sulphate (K2SO4)- Also called sulphate of potash (SOP), contains about 50 percent K2O and 18 percent sulphur (S). Because its chloride (Cl) content is below 2.5 percent, it is used for Cl-sensitive crops such as tree fruits and tobacco, and to supply S. It accounts for about six percent of total agricultural K sales. Potassium sulphate can be used where Cl buildup becomes a problem.
Sulphate of potash-magnesia (K2SO4-2MgSO4)- It is also called potassium-magnesium sulphate, "Sul-PoMag" and "K-Mag.". It contains about 22 percent K20, 11 percent magnesium (Mg) and 22 percent S. It occurs in nature as the mineral, langbeinite, which is refined to the commercial fertilizer product. It is a good source of water-soluble K and Mg, and is very important where Mg and/or S is deficient.
Potassium nitrate (KNO3)- Potassium nitrate contains little or no Cl or S. It contains about 44 percent K20 and 13 percent N.
Composition of common potassium fertilizer sources:
|Material||K2O - %||Mg - %||S - %||N - %||Cl - %|
Most of Mississippi’s corn and rice crops had been harvested when prolonged, late-September rains soaked much of the state, but the wet weather could not have come at a worse time for soybeans and cotton.
As most cotton across Mississippi is setting bolls ahead of schedule this year, some fields look fantastic and others are struggling, depending on the weather and irrigation.
Lonnie Fortner has been named the Mississippi winner of the 2018 Swisher Sweets/Sunbelt Expo Southeastern Farmer of the Year award.
STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Growers may be on their way to planting more cotton in Mississippi soil than they have in 11 years, despite a late start.
Darrin Dodds, cotton specialist for the Mississippi State University Extension Service, estimated that growers will plant 700,000 acres of cotton this year. If that much gets harvested, it will be the best total since 2006, when the state produced 1.2 million acres of cotton. Last year, Mississippi cotton producers harvested 625,000 acres.
ELLISVILLE, Miss. -- Mississippi State University representatives met with agricultural clients in Ellisville recently to discuss research and education needs for 2018. More than 115 individuals attended this year's event.