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Can you tell me about sprayer calibration?

1. For a broadcast boom - measure the distance between nozzles. Measure it, don't guess. For a band, either on a planter or on a cultivator, measure the width of the area sprayed (band).

Hooded Sprayer2. Determine the length, in feet, of a 1/128 acre plot for the measured nozzle spacing or band width. This will be the distance to time the tractor.

3. To do this use the following formula: 43,560 (square feet per acre) / divided by nozzle spacing or band width in feet / divided by 128. * Example - 19 inch band on a cultivator 19 / 12 = 1.583333 feet (band width in feet) 43,560 (sq.ft./ac) / 1.583333 = 27511.584 27511.584 / 128 (ounces in a gallon) = 214.934 (215) feet to time the tractor.

4. Determine the time in seconds for the tractor to travel 215 feet. (Remember to determine the time to travel the distance under the condition of operation, i.e. with the cultivator down, etc.)

Highboy5. With the pressure set and the sprayer spraying, catch water from all tips spraying the band (or one tip on a broadcast boom) for the exact same time it took to travel the prescribed distance and measure it in ounces. * Lets say it took 25 seconds and you caught 10 ounces. You are putting out 10 gallons of volume per treated acre.

6. Determine the tank capacity and divide by the volume per treated acre. * Example: 300 gallon tank capacity and 10 gallons per treated acre = 30 acre per tank load. This tells you that the sprayer will treat 30 acres. Don't worry about how many acres the tractor will drive over - it will treat 30 acres.

7. Determine the broadcast rate of the product, or products in question and add enough to the tank to treat 30 acres on a broadcast basis. The tractor will treat 30 treated acres and don't worry how many planted acres it runs over.

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News

A closed boll is seen on a cotton plant growing in a field.
Filed Under: Agricultural Economics, Cotton September 15, 2017

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Rain, cool weather, more rain and some wind have slowed cotton maturation, but since the crop was a little behind schedule, the damage may be less than if harvest were already underway.

Darrin Dodds, cotton specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said recent weather is causing some yield loss, but it is hard to estimate how much.

“Being late to a degree helped the crop because rain did not string out open cotton, but given that we are running out of heat, we may have been better off with an earlier crop that had been defoliated and was standing up when the rain came,” Dodds said.

Mississippi Boll Weevil Management Corp. representative Mike Mullendore checks one of the cone-shaped traps located near a Mississippi State University research field on June 27, 2017. The traps evolved from U.S. Department of Agriculture research at the Robey Wentworth Harned Laboratory, commonly known as the Boll Weevil Research Lab at MSU. (Photo by MSU Extension Service/Linda Breazeale)
Filed Under: Cotton, Insects-Crop Pests August 24, 2017

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Cotton will always have challenges, but few of them will ever compare to the boll weevils that thrived in Mississippi from 1904 until 2009.

“It is nearly impossible for this younger generation of consultants, scouts and growers to understand how hard boll weevils were to control and how much boll weevil control hurt beneficial insects and complicated cotton management,” said Will McCarty, who served as the Mississippi State University Extension Service cotton specialist during “the boll weevil wars.”

Award-winning farmer Paul Good examines cotton growing in Noxubee County during a Mississippi State University field tour on July 12, 2017. Good said he remembers a time when farmers did not grow cotton in the area, mostly because of boll weevils. (Photo by MSU Extension Service/Linda Breazeale)
Filed Under: Cotton, Insects-Crop Pests August 24, 2017

MACON, Miss. -- Farmers' independent natures make them strong, but when agricultural producers join forces, they can take success to the next level.

Darrin Dodds, cotton specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, commended Mississippi farmers for their efforts to unite in the battle to eradicate boll weevils from the state.

“Historically, boll weevils were the prime pest in cotton fields. To control them, it took numerous pesticide applications,” he said. “Those treatments were costly and ate into the growers’ profit margins.”

Dark clouds move toward Mississippi State University soybean and corn plots at the R.R. Foil Plant Science Research Center in Starkville, Mississippi, on Aug. 17, 2017. (Photo by MSU Extension Service/Linda Breazeale)
Filed Under: Cotton, Grains, Rice, Soybeans August 18, 2017

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Mississippi’s row crops have had enough rain, and most fields just need sunshine.

Erick Larson, grain crops specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said corn is mature and will gain no benefit from additional moisture. In the first couple of weeks of August, skies were overcast or rain was falling across most of the state.

Cotton across the state has been struggling with excess rainfall but remains in good shape at this point in the season. This cotton was growing in a saturated field June 22, 2017, at Mississippi State University in Starkville. (Photo by MSU Extension Service/Kevin Hudson)
Filed Under: Cotton June 23, 2017

STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Tropical Storm Cindy did not help the state's cotton crop that struggled with cool and wet weather all spring.

Darrin Dodds, cotton specialist with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said in mid-June, cotton received about a week of the heat and sun it needs to thrive. Weather before that was not ideal, and rain remains in the forecast.

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