Beach Vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.)
Beach vitex (Vitex rotundifolia L.f.) is a deciduous woody vine that was introduced to the Southeastern U.S. from Korea in the mid-1980s. Before its introduction to the southern Atlantic Coast of the U.S., beach vitex had no history of invasiveness. However, by the mid-1990s, dune restoration specialists with the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers began to notice beach vitex spreading from original plantings on South Carolina beaches, crowding out native dune plants, and spreading by seeds and vegetative fragments.
The South Carolina Beach Vitex Task Force has documented beach vitex at more than 115 locations along the South Carolina coast. It also occurs along the North Carolina coast and was recently observed on a beach in Alabama. Efforts are now underway to map and monitor its spread.
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