Espalier Shrubs and Trees
Technically speaking, an espalier (ess-PAL-yer) is a plant that has been trained to grow in only one plane. It has only two dimensions, height and width. It does not have the third dimension of depth that gives form to our shrubbery and trees. It is a two-dimensional plant—a silhouette of a normal plant. It has been used in parts of Europe for centuries to grow fruit trees where land was scarce. With the development of dwarf fruit trees and their increased productivity for their size, few fruit trees are grown as espaliers today.
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