Frequently Asked Questions
What poultry project opportunities are offered to 4-H youth?
Many activities are available to the 4-H youth interested in a poultry activity. Activities include the raising of poultry to produce meat or eggs and the entry of the records in a competition with other 4-H poultry projects. Several judging and demonstration contests are available including junior and senior Poultry Judging Contests, Egg Preparation Contests for seniors, Visual Presentations and Chicken Barbecue Contests for junior and senior age youth. Winners at the state level can continue competition in nationwide contests. More details in these activities can be obtained by referring to the 4-H Poultry Leader Guide or any of the publications directed toward a specific activity.
I have show birds that I want to exhibit. How do I get them ready?
Four-H members expecting to make creditable showings in poultry shows must prepare their exhibits prior to show time. Birds not properly selected and prepared for the show will not, as a rule, get very far in a competitive show. Good exhibits stand out and are a credit to the exhibitor. See Selecting and Preparing Birds for Exhibition.
How do I care for newly hatched chicks?
A series of short newsletters are available for the novice who is caring for chicks for the first time. The newsletters are easily read and are arranged in sequence from preparing of the facilities until the birds mature. Refer to the publication Grow Healthy Chicks for basic information on caring for growing chicks.
How are Chicks Brooded?
The day-old chick's temperature is about 3° F below that of an adult's. Its body temperature starts rising about 4 days of age and reaches its maximum at 10 days. The chick needs time to develop temperature control (2 to 4 weeks). As the chick grows older, the downy coat is replaced with feathers, and brooder temperature must be reduced according tothe temperature schedule.
Brooding Temperature Schedule
|Age, days||Brooder temperature|
|36 to market||70|
Under this brooding schedule, the brooding temperature is reduced 5 °F each week. At 5 weeks of age, chicks maintain their own body temperatures if the room temperature is kept near 70 degrees.
Use lower brooding temperatures during warm months. Most poultry houses are not tight enough to maintain these temperatures constantly in winter. Insure adequate warmth in winter by using the higher brooding temperature; when cold nights cool the house, chicks are likely to have enough warmth.
In contrast to what many think, the most frequent error observed when brooding in the South is overheating rather than too little heat. Many producers need to learn proper brooding to reduce losses.
Check the comfort of the chicks several times each day, especially in the evening. Make adjustments to maintain chick comfort. Contented peeping and even distribution of chicks around and under the brooder indicate comfortable conditions. If the chicks chirp and huddle to one side of the brooder, there is a draft. When the temperature is too cold, the chicks chirp sharply and huddle together under the brooder. If the chicks move away from the brooder, pant, and are drowsy, the temperature is too warm.
Are there any suggested exhibits for science projects that involve the incubation of chicken eggs?
Baby chickens are so cute and cuddly that few people can resist holding them. Unfortunately, as public interest in raising backyard birds has grown so has the number of Salmonella outbreaks in the U.S. (Photo by Centers for Disease Control and Prevention)
Some people can’t resist the latest spring fashions. Others plant flowers in profusion.
Then there are those, like me, who are highly susceptible to the cheerful chirping of newly hatched chicks. (Photo by Kat Lawrence)
STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Almost 200 4-H members are planning to compete in the poultry project during the 2015 Mississippi State Fair in October.
Jessica Wells, a poultry science instructor with the Mississippi State University Extension Service, said organizers are limiting each exhibitor to visual presentations and just one bird for showmanship.