Designing with Vines
Vines serve as an important vertical element in the home landscape. These 'green walls' are used to soften the look of harsh structural items such as masonry and brick, and they can do wonders to improve the appearance of chain link and other types of fences.
Vines growing on the south or west sides of buildings reduce solar heating in the summer, and insulate walls during the winter months. The creative use of vertical structural supports and vines can help to divide areas of the yard into separate spaces, and to screen unsightly views. Finally, vines add a needed splash of color and interest to the seasonal landscape.
Types of Vines
Plants that vine grow vertically by using one of three methods:
1) Aerial rootlets. Clinging vines use small roots along the stem to attach themselves to surfaces, additional supports are not needed. These vines are best utilized on hard surfaces such as masonry or concrete, as their holdfasts can damage wooden surfaces. Boston ivy, trumpet creeper, and Virginia creeper are examples of clinging vines.
2) Twining vines. These vines climb by winding their stems around vertical supports, thus they will need wires, trellises or arbors to properly grow. Depending upon the type of vine, supports need to be sturdy and durable. Large twining vines such as wisteria or rattan vine need ample room and large supports.
3) Vines with tendrils. Tendrils are thin stems that wrap around vertical elements, and will also need structural supports. Muscadine grape and sweet peas are examples of plants that climb with tendrils.
Container grown woody vines may be planted at any time of the year, but bare-root vines should be planted in spring before new growth begins. New twining or tendril-type plants should be assisted by tying their stems to the support with a soft cloth. Quick growth may be enhanced by applying fertilizer in spring, such as 5-10-5 or similar. Watering may be necessary the first year during dry periods, but most hardy vines will be self-sufficient. Some vines develop sparse foliage near the ground and may need periodic pruning to encourage lower growth.
Vines should be selected by the intended use, location, soil type, solar exposure and the type of support that will be used. There are evergreen and deciduous vines, as well as annuals (that will need to be replanted each year). When selecting vines, be careful not to choose invasive exotic species that will spread into the landscape such as Japanese climbing fern, Japanese honeysuckle, or cat's claw. Vines offer a wealth of flower colors and bloom times, fragrance, showy fruits, and foliage interest.
The following table lists vines recommended for Mississippi landscapes.
|Scientific Name||Common Name|
|Rose of Montana
Cat’s Claw Vine
Lady Banksia Rose
Publications may download photo at 200 d.p.i.
These factsheets were written by Robert F. Brzuszek, Assistant Extension Professor, The Department of Landscape Architecture, Mississippi State University.
I am thoroughly thankful I made the move to coastal Mississippi a dozen years ago. One of my truly enjoyable fall pursuits happens after the temperatures have gotten chilly. On bright, sunny fall days, I really like driving on Highway 90 to my office at the Coastal Research and Extension Center in Biloxi along the Gulf of Mexico.
It’s September, and that means hummingbirds are preparing to migrate to warmer climates for the winter.
These tiny creatures need lots of energy to make this trip. You can help by providing feeders for them to visit as they pass your way. (Photo by Jonathan Parrish)
STARKVILLE, Miss. -- Deer season is over, and prescribed fire, timber management, planting food plots and other habitat improvements come later in the year, but one activity that's perfect for February and early March is planting trees.
A project by the Pearl River County Master Gardeners aims to help increase populations of monarch butterflies by providing habitat and educating the public.
This past spring, the group revamped a portion of the children’s educational garden at the Mississippi State University Crosby Arboretum to serve as an official, certified Monarch Waystation. Master Gardener members recently dedicated the garden with the placement of a sign from Monarch Watch, the nonprofit organization that manages the waystation program.
VERONA, Miss. -- Hunters love to pursue waterfowl, they are doing it in record numbers, and destinations in the South provide excellent opportunities to harvest birds.