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Manage Your Diabetes

Filed Under:
Publication Number: IS1781
View as PDF: IS1781.pdf

Foot Care

  • Bathe daily with warm, not hot, water.
  • You may trim calluses with a pumice stone, but do not use any commercial corn removers or harsh soaks, such as Epsom salt or betadine.
  • Inspect your feet twice daily—when putting on shoes and taking off shoes. Report any skin breaks to your healthcare provider immediately. Use a hand-held mirror to see the bottoms of your feet, or ask someone else to inspect them.
  • Moisturize daily—but not between your toes.
  • Trim your toenails straight across, and use an emery board to smooth.
  • NEVER go barefooted.
  • Take off your shoes when visiting your healthcare provider. Ask to have your feet checked.

Eye Care

  • Schedule yearly eye exams.
  • Make sure the eye doctor dilates your eyes.

Care of Teeth & Gums

  • Schedule regular visits to your dentist every 6 months. Go more often if problems arise.
  • Brush your teeth two to four times daily.

Sick Day Care

  • Monitor your blood sugar every 2 to 4 hours.
  • Continue your diabetes medication, insulin, or pills.
  • Continue fluids to avoid dehydration.
  • Replace your normal amount of carbohydrates with sports drinks or snacks if you cannot eat whole meals.
  • Call your healthcare provider if you cannot control your blood sugar.

Know Your Numbers Goals

Hemoglobin A1C ..................................................less than 7%

Fasting blood glucose ..............................between 80 and 130

Blood glucose.................less than 180 (1–2 hours after meal)

Blood pressure................................................less than 140/90

Cholesterol

LDL....................................................................less than 70

HDL women ..............................................greater than 50

HDL men....................................................greater than 40

Triglycerides .........................................................less than 150

Microalbumin (urine)............................................less than 30

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Authors

Assistant Professor
State Health Specialist

Your Extension Experts

Assistant Professor
State Health Specialist