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What You Should Know About Diabetes

Filed Under:
Publication Number: IS1632
Updated: January 27, 2017
View as PDF: IS1632.pdf

Diabetes interferes with the body’s use of food for fuel. When you eat, your body converts food into a substance called glucose, which travels in the blood to the body’s cells. Insulin, a hormone produced in the pancreas, acts like a key to open the cells and let the glucose inside. In a person with diabetes, either the pancreas does not make insulin (type 1 diabetes), or the body cannot efficiently use the insulin that is made (type 2 diabetes).

More than 90 percent of people with diabetes have type 2, which can occur in children as well as adults. Other types of diabetes include those related to pregnancy, surgery, medications, and other illnesses. While the types of diabetes differ, all may cause the same long-term health problems associated with diabetes, such as heart, kidney, eye, and nerve diseases.

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Asst Extension/Research Prof
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