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2021 Mississippi Agricultural Crop Damage Assessment

Publication Number: P3686
View as PDF: P3686.pdf

Adverse weather has caused significant damage to agricultural producers during the 2021 crop year. This publication uses only reported destroyed, damaged, and prevented planting acreage numbers from the USDA Farm Service Agency (FSA) to determine impacted acres and estimate crop losses across the state.

Destroyed acres are where expected yield of the planted crop is zero. Damaged acres are any acres that are expected to have a yield loss, excluding those that are destroyed. In counties where the yield loss on damaged acres was not available, a 20 percent yield loss was assumed. Prevented planting acres are where the producer was not able to plant their intended crop.

Average expected crop yields for each county were also obtained from the FSA. The row crop and rice prices used to estimate crop losses were the 2021–22 marketing year average (MYA) prices from the July 2021 World Agricultural Supply and Demand Estimates (WASDE) report. Other crop prices were obtained from the FSA.

Also included in the damage estimate is a replant cost. Due to the timing of the weather events, most of the row crop acreage was replanted to soybeans. The replant cost, obtained from the Mississippi State University Soybean 2021 Planting Budgets, was $116.91 per acre. Replant was only assumed to occur on corn, cotton, rice, and soybean acres that were destroyed.

In total, 1,493,789 acres across 39 counties and 31 different crops have been impacted by adverse weather in 2021, resulting in $839,589,517 in damages (Table 1). Most of the acres impacted occurred in the Delta region. Figure 1 shows acres impacted for each county. Figure 2 shows estimated damages for each county. Bolivar County had the highest number of acres impacted at 355,505 acres, followed by Sunflower County with 193,500 acres impacted. Bolivar and Sunflower Counties also had the highest estimated damages with $176,457,993 and $128,353,205 in damages, respectively.

Soybeans had the most acres impacted of any crop at 1,017,547 acres, spread across 39 different counties. Bolivar County had the most soybean acres impacted at 250,000 acres, followed by Sunflower and Washington Counties at 150,000 acres each (Figure 3). Estimated damages for all soybean acres impacted were $569,039,148. Bolivar County had the most soybean damages with $131,748,750. Damages were estimated assuming a price of $13.70 per bushel.

Corn had the second-highest number of acres impacted at 241,023 acres. Impacted acres were in 34 different counties in Mississippi, with Bolivar County having the most corn acres impacted at 50,000 acres. However, Tallahatchie County had the most damages at $28,822,750. Tallahatchie County had 25,000 acres impacted. Tallahatchie County’s damage amount is higher because expected corn yield is slightly higher than in Bolivar County and because all the impacted acres in Tallahatchie were destroyed, whereas in Bolivar County the majority of acres were damaged. Figure 5 shows impacted corn acres across the state, and Figure 6 shows crop damages. Damages were estimated assuming a price of $5.60 per bushel.

Cotton acres had 117,055 acres impacted by weather, which resulted in an estimated $72,991,131 in damages. The majority of the impacted cotton acres occurred in the Delta region, but 32 counties reported cotton acres impacted by weather. Coahoma County had the most cotton acres impacted at 28,000 acres (Figure 7). Cotton damages in Coahoma County are estimated to be $28,893,480 (Figure 8). Bolivar County had the second-highest cotton acres impacted at 12,000 acres. Tallahatchie County had the second-highest cotton damages at $10,131,600. A cotton lint price of $0.75 per pound was used to estimate damages.

Rice had 69,107 acres impacted, which resulted in an estimated $37,797,161 in damages. Impacted acres occurred in 10 counties, as rice is produced only in the Delta region (Figure 9). Over half of the rice acres in the state were affected by the storms. Bolivar County again had the highest acres impacted at 40,000 acres. The estimated losses from those impacted acres in Bolivar County were $16,097,090. Tunica County had 10,719 acres impacted with estimated damages of $7,592,289. Figure 10 shows estimated rice damages by county. A rice price of $0.128 per pound was used to estimate damages.

These damage estimates do not include any impact of government program payments or crop insurance. The reported yield losses used to determine damages are estimates; actual yield losses could be higher or lower. Acres that had yield losses but were not reported to the FSA were also not included in these estimates. Therefore, damages could be higher than reported here.

Table 1. Crop acres impacted and damages from adverse weather in Mississippi in 2021.

Crop

Acres Impacted

Estimated Damages

Corn

241,023

$160,997,576

Cotton

117,055

$72,991,131

Rice

69,107

$37,797,161

Soybeans

1,017,547

$569,039,148

Other

49,058

$28,764,501

Total

1,493,789

$869,589,517

Information presented in Table 2.
Figure 1. Total crop acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 2. Total crop acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021

Acres Impacted

Counties

25–35,482

Adams, Attala, Carroll, DeSoto, Franklin, George, Greene, Grenada, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson-Davis, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Lowndes, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Panola, Pontotoc, Stone, Tate, Wayne, Webster, Wilkerson, Winston, Yalobusha, Yazoo

35,483–110,450

Calhoun, Chickasaw, Coahoma, Leflore, Tunica, Quitman

110,451–193,500

Tallahatchie, Sunflower, Washington

193,501–355,505

Bolivar

Information presented in Table 3.
Figure 2. Estimated crop damages caused by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 3. Estimated crop damages caused by adverse weather in 2021

Total Damages

Counties

$24,881–$5,410,007

Adams, Attala, Desoto, Franklin, George, Greene, Grenada, Holmes, Jackson, Jefferson-Davis, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lee, Lincoln, Lowndes, Monroe, Montgomery, Pontotoc, Stone, Tate, Wayne, Wilkerson, Winston, Yalobusha

$5,410,008–$15,852,961

Calhoun, Chickasaw, Carroll, Marshall, Panola, Webster, Yazoo

$15,852,962–$87,369,845

Coahoma, Leflore, Quitman, Tunica, Washington

$87,369,846–$176,457,993

Bolivar, Sunflower, Tallahatchie

Information presented in Table 4.
Figure 3. Soybean acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 4. Soybean acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021

Acres Impacted

Counties

70–10,000

Adams, Attala, Carroll, Desoto, Grenada, Holmes, Jefferson-Davis, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Marshall, Monroe, Tate, Webster, Wilkerson, Winston, Yalobusha, Yazoo

10,001–43,000

Calhoun, Chickasaw, Leflore, Panola, Pontotoc

43,001–90,000

Coahoma, Quitman, Tallahatchie, Tunica

90,001–250,000

Bolivar, Sunflower, Washington

Information presented in Table 5.
Figure 4. Estimated soybean acreage damages caused by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 5. Estimated soybean acreage damages caused by adverse weather in 2021

Damages

Counties

$26,893–$3,760,650

Adams, Attala, Calhoun, Carroll, Desoto, Grenada, Holmes, Jefferson-Davis, Lafayette, Lawrence, Lee, Lowndes, Marshall, Monroe, Pontotoc, Tate, Webster, Wilkerson, Winston

$3,760,651–$10,932,650

Chickasaw, Panola

$10,932,651–$39,976,700

Coahoma, Leflore, Quitman, Tunica

$39,976,701–$131,748,750

Bolivar, Sunflower, Tallahatchie, Washington

Information presented in Table 6.
Figure 5. Corn acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 6. Corn acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021

Acres Impacted

Counties

50–4,500

Adams, Attala, Grenada, Holmes, Lafayette, Lee, Lowndes, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Panola, Pontotoc, Winston, Yalobusha, Yazoo

4,501–10,150

Calhoun, Carroll, Chickasaw, Leflore, Quitman, Webster

10,151–25,000

Coahoma, Tallahatchie, Tunica, Washington

25,001–50,000

Bolivar, Sunflower

Information presented in Table 7.
Figure 6. Estimated corn acreage damages caused by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 7. Estimated corn acreage damages caused by adverse weather in 2021

Damages

Counties

$30,965–$1,746,015

Adams, Attala, Calhoun, Chickasaw, Grenada, Lafayette, Lee, Lowndes, Montgomery, Panola, Pontotoc, Webster, Winston, Yalobusha

$1,746,016–$4,120,910

Carroll, Holmes, Marshall, Monroe, Montgomery, Yazoo

$4,120,911–$10,261,655

Leflore, Quitman, Tunica, Washington

$10,261,656–$28,822,750

Bolivar, Coahoma, Sunflower, Tallahatchie

Information presented in Table 8.
Figure 7. Cotton acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 8. Cotton acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021

Acres Impacted

Counties

65–1,600

Attala, Chickasaw, Grenada, Holmes, Lafayette, Lee, Lowndes, Marshall, Washington, Winston, Yalobusha

1,601–4,343

Carroll, Leflore, Montgomery, Panola, Pontotoc, Sunflower, Yazoo

4,344–12,000

Bolivar, Calhoun, Pontotoc, Quitman, Tallahatchie, Tunica, Webster

12,001–28,000

Coahoma

Information presented in Table 9.
Figure 8. Estimated cotton acreage damages caused by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 9. Estimated cotton acreage damages caused by adverse weather in 2021

Damages

Counties

$34,710–$2,212,275

Attala, Calhoun, Carroll, Chickasaw, Grenada, Holmes, Lafayette, Lee, Lowndes, Marshall, Montgomery, Panola, Pontotoc, Sunflower, Washington, Webster, Winston, Yalobusha, Yazoo

$2,212,276–$5,160,600

Bolivar, Leflore, Tunica

$5,160,601–$10,131,600

Quitman, Tallahatchie

$10,131,601–$28,893,480

Coahoma

Information presented in Table 10.
Figure 9. Rice acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 10. Rice acres impacted by adverse weather in 2021

Acres Impacted

Counties

73–1,500

Grenada, Leflore, Panola, Washington

1,501–4,000

Coahoma, Quitman, Tallahatchie

4,001–10,719

Sunflower, Tunica

10,720–40,000

Bolivar

Information presented in Table 11.
Figure 10. Estimated rice acreage damages caused by adverse weather in 2021 for each county in Mississippi.

Table 11. Estimated rice acreage damages caused by adverse weather in 2021

Damages

Counties

$72,261–$1,071,150

Grenada, Leflore, Panola, Washington

$1,071,151–$4,087,480

Coahoma, Quitman, Sunflower, Tallahatchie

$4,087,481–$7,592,289

Tunica

$7,592,290–$16,087,090

Bolivar


Publication 3686 (POD-08-21)

By Brian Mills, PhD, Assistant Professor, Delta Research and Extension Center.

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