You are here

2020 Row-Crop Returns Summary

Publication Number: P3422
View as PDF: P3422.pdf

This publication summarizes returns on producing row crops in the state of Mississippi for 2020. Returns are calculated through income and expense estimates and can also be seen in the 2020 Planning Budgets created by the MSU Department of Agricultural Economics. Interactive budget spreadsheets are also available.

Estimated crop prices (Table 1) are based on the forward futures contract price, including the average cost basis at the estimated time of harvest delivery. Table 2 presents the estimated average crop yields across all seed types and production practices from the 2020 planning budgets. Average yields are presented for the Delta and non-Delta areas.


Table 1. Estimated crop prices.


Price ($)

Cotton lint (lb)


Cottonseed (lb)


Soybean (bu)


Corn (bu)



Table 2. Estimated crop yields.




Cotton lint – irrigated (lb/acre)



Cottonseed – irrigated (lb/acre)



Cotton lint – non-irrigated (lb/acre)



Cottonseed – non-irrigated (lb/acre)



Soybean – irrigated (bu/acre)



Soybean – non-irrigated (bu/acre)



Corn – irrigated (bu/acre)



Corn – non-irrigated (bu/acre)



Expenses, which are defined as total specified expenses, include estimated variable and fixed costs associated with crop production. Variable costs include seed, fertilizer, chemicals, fuel, repair and maintenance, and any other

costs that are incurred only through crop production. Fixed costs include machinery costs and are incurred regardless of crop production.

Returns are calculated for corn, cotton, and soybean production. The returns for each crop are an average across all seed types and production practices used in the 2020 Planning Budgets. Therefore, actual returns accrued may be different than those presented here. Returns are estimated for the Delta and non-Delta areas and for irrigated and non-irrigated production. Returns are estimated in dollars per acre.

Delta Area Returns

Figure 1 shows the estimated returns above total specified expenses in the Delta area. Returns for the Delta area are mixed, with the highest returns of $141.17 per acre received from irrigated corn production. Non-irrigated corn production is estimated to have returns of $136.01 per acre. Cotton returns are much more dependent on irrigation, with average returns for irrigated cotton estimated at $129.34 per acre. However, non-irrigated cotton returns are minimal at $14.03 per acre. Irrigated soybean returns are low at an estimated $17.57 per acre, and non-irrigated soybean returns resulted in a loss at -$43.72 per acre.

Image description in text.
Figure 1. Estimated returns above total specified expenses in the Delta area.

Non-Delta Area Returns

Figure 2 shows the estimated returns above total specified expenses in the non-Delta area. Returns for the non-Delta area are lower for all crop types compared to the Delta except for non-irrigated corn. Returns for non-irrigated corn are estimated at $148.81 per acre. Irrigated corn returns are not estimated since corn irrigation is not a common practice in the non-Delta area. Irrigated and non-irrigated cotton returns are low at $23.74 per acre and $19.44 per acre, respectively. Irrigated soybean returns are $25.97 per acre, while non-irrigated soybean returns are -$1.83 per acre.

Image description in text.
Figure 2. Estimated returns above total specified expenses in the non-Delta area.


Estimated returns on cotton, corn, and soybean production in Mississippi can be useful for growers making planting and financial decisions, as well as others involved in agricultural finance. The information here is based on planning budgets created by the MSU Department of Agricultural Economics. The returns presented here are estimates; actual returns will change based on differing crop prices, crop yields, and production practices.

Publication 3422 (POD-02-20)

By Evan Gregory, Extension Associate, Agricultural Economics.

Copyright 2020 by Mississippi State University. All rights reserved. This publication may be copied and distributed without alteration for nonprofit educational purposes provided that credit is given to the Mississippi State University Extension Service.

Produced by Agricultural Communications.

Mississippi State University is an equal opportunity institution. Discrimination in university employment, programs, or activities based on race, color, ethnicity, sex, pregnancy, religion, national origin, disability, age, sexual orientation, genetic information, status as a U.S. veteran, or any other status protected by applicable law is prohibited. Questions about equal opportunity programs or compliance should be directed to the Office of Compliance and Integrity, 56 Morgan Avenue, P.O. 6044, Mississippi State, MS 39762, (662) 325-5839.

Extension Service of Mississippi State University, cooperating with U.S. Department of Agriculture. Published in furtherance of Acts of Congress, May 8 and June 30, 1914. GARY B. JACKSON, Director

Print Friendly, PDF & Email

The Mississippi State University Extension Service is working to ensure all web content is accessible to all users. If you need assistance accessing any of our content, please email the webteam or call 662-325-2262.


Portrait of Mr. Evan James Gregory
Extension Associate I