Simple Steps to Accurate Sprayer Calibration (02-04-13)
Simple Steps to Accurate Sprayer Calibration
Weekly Turf Tip 02/04/13
Accurate herbicide applications are essential for turf safety and good weed control efficacy. Calibrating sprayer solution volume involves selecting the proper nozzles, spraying pressure, and speed of travel. There are several different ways to accurately calibrate a sprayer, but the simplest is the 1/128th acre (340 sq. ft.) method. Regardless of the number of nozzles on the boom the spray collected from a single nozzle measured in ounces directly converts to gallons per acre. The ounces collected from 1/128th of an acre will equal gallons of solution per acre due to the fact there are128 ounces in a gallon.
Follow the 10 easy steps below to avoid needless chemical waste, improper application, and potential turf injury.
- Fill sprayer with water. Use only clean water to calibrate sprayer.
- Whatever the type of sprayer tips you use, be sure they are all the same type and nozzle size. To check the uniformity of all nozzles on the boom, collect the spray from each nozzle for exactly one minute. If the flow rate of any spray tip is 10% greater or less than that of the others, replace it.
- Determine the distance (in feet) between nozzles on the spray boom and divide into 340 to obtain distance to travel in feet. Example: 18 inches between nozzles is 1.5 feet divided into 340 equals 227 feet travel distance (18/12 = 1.5 then 340/1.5 = 227).
- Measure the distance to travel (in feet) and flag it for easy visibility.
- Drive the flagged distance at an acceptable spraying speed with the sprayer on. Make note of the engine RPM’s, and most importantly, record the seconds it takes to travel the measured distance between the two flags. Be sure to maintain a uniform speed within the flagged distance.
- Park the tractor/sprayer, set the brakes, but keep the engine RPM’s at the same setting used to drive the test course and make any final sprayer pressure adjustments (this will vary with the type of spray tips you use and the gallons per minute you wish to spray through them).
- Using a plastic measuring container that is marked in ounces, collect the water sprayed from one nozzle for the same amount of time it took to drive the flagged distance.
- The amount of water collected in ounces will equal the gallons applied per acre.
- Be sure to read all product labels for proper application information, use rates, etc.
- While making applications maintain continuous engine RPM’s and ground speed used in test run.
For a back-pack or other single nozzle sprayers this same method will still work. Simply determine the width of the spray pattern to get the distance (Ex: 20”/12 =1.66 then 340/1.66 = 204 ft.). Or, fill the sprayer completely with water then spray an area equal to 340 sq. ft. (20’ x 17’). The ounces of water required to refill the sprayer completely will equal gallons per acre.
Published February 4, 2013
Dr. Wayne Wells is an Extension Professor and Turfgrass Specialist. His mailing address is Department of Plant and Soil Sciences, Mail Stop 9555, Mississippi State, MS 39762. firstname.lastname@example.org